Thermal stability of atomic layer deposited WCxNy electrodes for metal oxide semiconductor devices

Oren Zonensain, Sivan Fadida, Ilanit Fisher, Juwen Gao, Michal Danek, Moshe Eizenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study is a thorough investigation of the chemical, structural, and electrical stability of W based organo-metallic films, grown by atomic layer deposition, for future use as gate electrodes in advanced metal oxide semiconductor structures. In an earlier work, we have shown that high effective work-function (4.7 eV) was produced by nitrogen enriched films (WCxNy) dominated by W-N chemical bonding, and low effective work-function (4.2 eV) was produced by hydrogen plasma resulting in WCx films dominated by W-C chemical bonding. In the current work, we observe, using x-ray diffraction analysis, phase transformation of the tungsten carbide and tungsten nitride phases after 900 °C annealing to the cubic tungsten phase. Nitrogen diffusion is also observed and is analyzed with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy. After this 900 °C anneal, WCxNy effective work function tunability is lost and effective work-function values of 4.7-4.8 eV are measured, similar to stable effective work function values measured for PVD TiN up to 900 °C anneal. All the observed changes after annealing are discussed and correlated to the observed change in the effective work function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035101
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 21 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


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