The imprints of the last jets in core collapse supernovae

Ealeal Bear*, Aldana Grichener, Noam Soker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We analyse the morphologies of three core collapse supernova remnants (CCSNRs) and the energy of jets in other CCSNRs and in Super Luminous Supernovae (SLSNe) of type Ib/Ic/IIb, and conclude that these properties are well explained by the last jets' episode as expected in the jet feedback explosion mechanism of core collapse supernovae (CCSNe). The presence of two opposite protrusions, termed ears, and our comparison of the CCSNR morphologies with morphologies of planetary nebulae strengthen the claim that jets play a major role in the explosion mechanism of CCSNe. We crudely estimate the energy that was required to inflate the ears in two CCSNRs and assume that the ears were inflated by jets. We find that the energies of the jets which inflated ears in 11 CCSNRs span a range that is similar to that of jets in some energetic CCSNe (SLSNe) and that this energy, only of the last jets' episode, is much less than the explosion energy. This finding is compatible with the jet feedback explosion mechanism of CCSNe, where only the last jets, which carry a small fraction of the total energy carried by earlier jets, are expected to influence the outer parts of the ejecta. We reiterate our call for a paradigm shift from neutrino-driven to jet-driven explosion models of CCSNe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1770-1777
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • Supernovae: general

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