The formation of 'columns crowns' by jets interacting with a circumstellar dense shell

Muhammad Akashi, Noam Soker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We conduct 3D hydrodynamical simulations of two opposite jets that interact with a spherical slow wind that includes a denser shell embedded within it, and obtain a bipolar nebula where each of the two lobes is composed of two connected bubbles and Rayleigh-Taylor instability tongues that protrude from the outer bubble and form the 'columns crown'. The jets are launched for a short time of 17 yr and inflate a bipolar nebula inside a slow wind. When the bipolar structure encounters the dense shell, the interaction causes each of the two lobes to split to two connected bubbles. The interaction is prone to Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities that form tongues that protrude as columns from the outer bubble. The bases of the columns form a ring on the surface of the outer bubble, and the structure resemble a crown that we term the columns crown. This structure resembles, but is not identical to, the many filaments that protrude from the lobes of the bipolar planetary nebula Menzel 3. We discuss our results in comparison to the structure of Menzel 3 and the ways by which the discrepancies can be reconciled, and possibly turn our failure to reproduce the exact structure of Menzel 3 to a success with jets-shell interaction simulations that include more ingredients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2754-2765
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Binaries: close
  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Planetary nebulae: general

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The formation of 'columns crowns' by jets interacting with a circumstellar dense shell'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this