The control of ice crystal growth and effect on porous structure of konjac glucomannan-based aerogels

Xuewen Ni, Fan Ke, Man Xiao, Kao Wu, Ying Kuang, Harold Corke, Fatang Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Konjac glucomannan (KGM)-based aerogels were prepared using a combination of sol-gel and freeze-drying methods. Preparation conditions were chosen to control ice crystal growth and aerogel structure formation. The ice crystals formed during pre-freezing were observed by low temperature polarizing microscopy, and images of aerogel pores were obtained by scanning electron microscopy. The size of ice crystals were calculated and size distribution maps were drawn, and similarly for aerogel pores. Results showed that ice crystal growth and aerogel pore sizes may be controlled by varying pre-freezing temperatures, KGM concentration and glyceryl monostearate concentration. The impact of pre-freezing temperatures on ice crystal growth was explained as combining ice crystal growth rate with nucleation rate, while the impacts of KGM and glyceryl monostearate concentration on ice crystal growth were interpreted based on their influences on sol network structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1130-1135
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Freeze-drying
  • Microstructure
  • Size distribution

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