The comparison between the effects of solvent casting and melt intercalation mixing processes on different characteristics of polylactide-nanographite platelets composites

Esmaeil Narimissa, Rahul K. Gupta*, Nhol Kao, Hyoung Jin Choi, Sati N. Bhattacharya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of enhanced dispersion of nanographite platelets (NGP) fillers through solvent casting mixing process on rheological, electrical and thermal properties of polylactide (PLA)/NGP composites. PLA/NGP composites were fabricated at 1 to 5 wt% filler contents by means of three processing techniques: (i) dry mixing and melt intercalation; (ii) solvent casting using dichloromethane organic solvent; and (iii) combination of solvent casting and melt intercalation techniques. The extent of dispersion of nanofillers within polymer matrix was evaluated through X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analysis of the composites. Morphological studies of the samples revealed that the maximum extent of dispersion of NGP fillers within PLA matrix was achieved when the combination of solvent casting and melt intercalation processes occurred. Rheological analyses of the samples were indicative of deterioration in the composites produced through solvent casting mixing process. Despite of initial reduction in electrical resistivity of the composites after the addition of 1 wt% of NGP fillers, further addition of nanofillers did not exhibit a considerable enhancement in their electrical conductivity of the composites. Thermogravimetric analysis of the composites was demonstrative of enhancing impact of nanofiller loading, along with detrimental effect of solvent casting on the thermal stability of the PLA matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1560-1570
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

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