Support and alloy effects on activity and product selectivity for ethanol steam reforming over supported nickel cobalt catalysts

Luwei Chen*, Catherine Kai Shin Choong, Ziyi Zhong, Lin Huang, Zhan Wang, Jianyi Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ni, Co and bimetallic Ni-Co catalysts supported on Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 and ZrO 2 were investigated for the production of hydrogen via ethanol steam reforming (ESR). Catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method and characterized using temperature- programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). ESR and temperature-programmed desorption of ethanol (ethanol-TPD) were carried out in a continuous flow fixed bed micro-reactor and the outlet gases were monitored by an on-line GC or MS. Ni is found to be more active for the C-C bond rupture than Co on both supports, Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 and ZrO 2. Catalyst support plays very important roles for the ESR. Strong interaction between support and metal affects the formation of NiCo bimetallic compound, resulting in the variety of catalytic activity. On Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 support, the catalytic activity of ESR follows the sequence of 10%Ni > 6.7%Ni 3.3%Co ∼ 3.3%Ni 6.7%Co > 10%Co. On ZrO 2, the trend is 10%Ni > 6.7%Ni 3.3%Co > 10%Co > 3.3%Ni 6.7%Co. The H 2O adsorption/activation ability of the support determines the reaction pathway and thus the product selectivity. On Ca-γ-Al 2O 3, water gas shift reaction is more favorable than on ZrO 2, due to the availability of surface OH groups. The roles of the metal and support for ESR are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16321-16332
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Al O
  • Bimetallic
  • Hydrogen
  • NiCo
  • Steam reforming of ethanol
  • ZrO

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