Shaping planetary nebulae with jets in inclined triple stellar systems

Muhammad Akashi, Noam Soker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We conduct three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of two opposite jets launched obliquely to the orbital plane around an asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star and within its dense wind, and demonstrate the formation of a 'messy' planetary nebula (PN), namely, a PN lacking any type of symmetry (highly irregular). In building the initial conditions we assume that a tight binary system orbits the AGB star, and that the orbital plane of the tight binary system is inclined to the orbital plane of binary system and the AGB star. We further assume that the accreted mass onto the tight binary system forms an accretion disk around one of the stars, and that the plane of the disk is in between the two orbital planes. The highly asymmetrical lobes that we obtain support the notion that messy PNe might be shaped by triple stellar systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-230
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Issue numberS323
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • binaries: close-planetary nebulae-jets

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