Scaling salt removal by addition of inorganic particles

Qing Feng Yang*, Yangqiao Liu, Hasson David, Raphael Semiat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Reverse osmosis (RO) concentrates containing high amounts of dissolved salts and anti-scalants are commonly discharged directly. Considerable economic and environmental benefits could be achieved by extending current water recovery limits. One way for reuse of concentrates and thus increasing the water recovery is to recycle part of the brine concentrate to the feed, after precipitating the scaling salts such as CaSO4/CaCO3 held in solution by anti-scalants. In the present study, scaling salt removal was carried out from RO CaSO4 concentrate in the presence of four anti-scalants via addition of six kinds of inorganic particles. Analyses of the kinetics of gypsum removal and the morphologies of CaSO4 crystals were performed. The results show that the was effective for the removal of scaling salt. After the precipitation removal reactions, the test solutions reached thermodynamic equilibrium. Furthermore, the precipitated gypsum appeared shorter and broader crystal forms. The economic analysis shows the method is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Desalination
  • Inorganic particles
  • RO concentrate

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Scaling salt removal by addition of inorganic particles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this