Removal of heavy metals by immobilized magnetite nano-particles

Adva Zach-Maor, Raphael Semiat, Hilla Shemer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nano-sized magnetite homogenous porous layer was immobilized onto modified granular activated carbon and used as an adsorbent for copper (Cu (II)) and chromium (Cr(VI)). Batch adsorption experiments revealed high efficiency for both metals removal attaining maximum adsorption capacity of 590 mg/g Fe. Significant difference in the reaction kinetics was found between the two metals suggesting that the magnetite affinity towards the copper was much higher than for chromium. These results were explained by the different mechanism at which the metals were adsorbed by the immobilized magnetite nano-particles layer. It was concluded that initially the metals were adsorbed by the active sites on the magnetite surface, and then diffused into the interior pores of the nano-magnetite layer. It was demonstrated that the latter was the rate-determining step for the process. Fixed-bed continuous experiments revealed the potential to reuse the nFe-GAC through three consecutive sorption and desorption cycles of copper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume31
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Copper
  • Hexavalent chromium
  • Iron oxide

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