Prevalence, Characterization, and Control of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Raw Milk, Cheese, and Human Stool Samples in Beni-Suef Governorate, Egypt

Mohamed M.A. Zeinhom*, Gihan K. Abdel-Latef, Harold Corke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from raw milk, cheese, and human stool samples in Beni-Suef Governorate, Egypt, and to characterize the antibiotic resistance profile and virulence genes of the isolates. An additional objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of cinnamon oil and Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 for controlling C. jejuni in cheese. A total of 200 samples of raw milk and dairy products, including 50 samples of raw milk and 150 samples of three different types of cheese were used. Fifty-three human stool samples were also collected. The samples were tested for the presence of C. jejuni using culture and molecular methods. Campylobacter spp. were isolated from 9.5% (19/200) of the raw milk and cheese samples. The highest prevalence was observed in milk samples (18%), followed by Kareish cheese (14%) and Talaga cheese (6%). In contrast, C. jejuni was not found in any of the Feta cheese samples. Of the human stool samples, 21 (39.6%) were positive for C. jejuni. Of the isolates, 60-90% were highly resistant to the antimicrobial agents tested, that is, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, and tetracycline. Virulent cadF and cdtA genes were detected in all isolates. As milk and dairy products are important sources of contamination, reducing the level of C. jejuni in them will lower the risk to consumers. We showed that L. acidophilus La5 was able to control C. jejuni in Kareish cheese, but cinnamon oil was less effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-330
Number of pages9
JournalFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • antibiotic resistance
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • cheese
  • control
  • raw milk
  • virulence genes

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