Predicting below-surface horizontal pore gas velocity in porous media from above-surface wind conditions and medium gas permeability

Tjalfe Poulsen*, Yue Yuan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Below-surface horizontal pore gas velocity profiles in response to above-surface wind conditions were measured for 16 combinations of wind speed (1.4–5.7 ms−1) and wind gust frequency (0–1 Hz) in four porous media with different particle size (0.6–10 mm), yielding 64 combinations of wind condition and porous medium using a recently developed experimental gas tracer tracking method. Experiments were carried out under controlled conditions in a wind tunnel. Gusty wind conditions were created using a wind-driven propeller operating at variable rotation frequencies. A recently presented empirical model for predicting horizontal pore gas velocity in porous media in response to above-surface wind conditions was validated against the experimental data. The model uses one empirical parameter (B) together with the wind speed at the surface as input parameters. Further analyses were carried out to identify relations between B, above-surface wind conditions and porous medium properties. Results indicate that it is possible to accurately estimate B and thus predict below-surface pore gas velocity profiles based on porous medium properties and surface wind speed. B was found inversely proportional to above-surface wind speed, porous medium particle diameter and porous medium gas permeability, all in a linear manner. Highlights: Horizontal pore gas velocity profiles measured for 64 porous medium–wind speed combinations Recent two-parameter empirical model for pore gas velocity evaluated using the experimental data Model accurately approximated experimental pore gas velocity data. Model parameters could be predicted from medium gas permeability and above-surface wind speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-197
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Soil Science
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • gas permeability
  • pore gas velocity
  • porous media
  • predictive modelling
  • wind gustiness
  • wind speed

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