Physico-chemical aspects and complete bacterial community composition analysis of wasp nests

Chaolin Fang, Varenyam Achal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wasps are a group of social insects that build a house, known as a nest, from locally available building materials cemented by their saliva and secretions. Similar to termite nests, there could be many beneficiary bacteria present in their house that can play an important part in maintaining sustainability in soil ecosystems. Thus, the present study was initiated with a physico-chemical characterization of wasp nests collected from residential and forest zones, followed by unconfined compressive strength (UCS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis to identify major associated minerals. Further, MiSeq Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene (V3-V4 regions) was carried out to analyze complete bacterial community composition of wasp nests. The resulting data showed a dominance of Actinobacteria followed by Proteobacteria in both nests. Kaistobacter and Phycicoccus were the dominant genera in each type of wasp nest. It was concluded that wasp nests are an abundant source to isolate bacteria that can potentially be helpful in soil biogeochemical cycling and fertility, antibiotics production and bioremediation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2652
JournalSustainability
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Bacterial diversity
  • Biominerals
  • Compressive strength
  • V3-V4 regions
  • Wasp nest

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