Patterning Vertically Grown Gold Nanowire Electrodes for Intrinsically Stretchable Organic Transistors

Bowen Zhu, Shu Gong, Fenge Lin, Yan Wang, Yunzhi Ling, Tiance An, Wenlong Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advances in large-area organic electronics for sensor arrays and electronic skins demand highly stretchable, patternable, and conformal electrodes to minimize contact resistance when sensing devices are mechanically deformed. Gold is an excellent electrode material with work function matching well with p-type organic transistors. However, it is non-trivial to fabricate highly stretchable gold electrodes for stretchable organic electronics. Here, by combining the advantages of both top-down patterning and bottom-up synthesis, a new materials platform of patterned vertically grown gold nanowires (AuNWs) for constructing intrinsically stretchable electrodes, with high conductivity of 1288 S cm−1 at 0% and 152 S cm−1 at 170% strain, is introduced. Such patterned vertical AuNWs can be embedded in an elastomer matrix, leading to stretchable electrodes that are mechanically robust and durable. The interface between AuNWs electrodes and poly(3-hexylthiophene) thin film shows ohmic contact for the entire strain regime from 0% to 100%, indicating low contact resistance. A stretchable organic transistor with ion gel as the dielectric is demonstrated, which can survive up to 100% strain without much performance degradation. The results indicate that our methodology may be extended to other organic semiconducting materials, hence, offering a general electrode materials platform for devising high performance intrinsically stretchable organic transistors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800509
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • organic transistors
  • patterning nanowires
  • stretchable electronics
  • vertical gold nanowires

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