Partitioning and structural role of Mn and Fe ions in ionic sulfophosphate glasses

Doris Möncke*, Sergey Sirotkin, Elissaios Stavrou, Efstratios I. Kamitsos, Lothar Wondraczek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Ionic sulfophosphate liquids of the type ZnO-Na2O-Na2SO4-P2O5 exhibit surprising glass forming ability, even at slow or moderate cooling rate. As a concept, they also provide high solubility of transition metal ions which could act as cross-linking sites between the sulfate and phosphate entities. It is therefore investigated how the replacement of ZnO by MnO and/or FeO affects the glass structure and the glass properties. Increasing manganese levels are found to result in a monotonic increase of the transition temperature Tg and most of the mechanical properties. This trend is attributed to the change of metal-ion coordination from four-fold around Zn2+ to six-fold around Mn2+ ions. The higher coordination facilitates cross-linking of the ionic structural entities and subsequently increases Tg. Raman and infrared spectroscopy show that the structure of these glasses involves only SO42- and PO43- monomers as well as P2O74- dimers. Replacement of ZnO by MnO is found to favour PO43- over P2O74- species, a trend which is enhanced by co-doping with FeO. Both transition metal ions show, like Zn2+, a preference to selectively coordinate to phosphate anionic species, as opposed to sodium ions which coordinate mainly to sulfate anions. EPR spectroscopy finally shows that divalent Mn2+ ions are present primarily in MnO6-clusters, which, in the studied sulfophosphate glasses, convert upon increasing MnO content from corner-sharing to edge-sharing entities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224509
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number22
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


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