Osseointegration: biological events in relation to characteristics of the implant surface.

L. Feller*, R. Chandran, R. A. Khammissa, R. Meyerov, Y. Jadwat, M. Bouckaert, I. Schechter, J. Lemmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osseointegration of titanium implants is a complex biological process involving interactions between immuno-inflammatory responses, angiogenesis and osteogenesis, all of which are influenced by the physical and chemical characteristics of the implant surface. An implant surface with moderately rough topography and high surface energy influences cellular activities, enhancing peri-implant bone wound healing. Primary mechanical stability of the implant is essential for osseointegration. In this article we review some of the more important biological events of peri-implant bone wound healing in the process of osseointegration, and discuss how the biophysical properties of implant surfaces influence cellular responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112, 114-117
JournalSADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging
Volume69
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

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