One-dimensional fossil-like γ-Fe2O3@carbon nanostructure: Preparation, structural characterization and application as adsorbent for fast and selective recovery of gold ions from aqueous solution

Poernomo Gunawan, Wen Xiao, Marcus Wen Hao Chua, Cheryl Poh Choo Tan, Jun Ding, Ziyi Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

One-dimensional (1D) magnetic nanostructures with high thermal stability have important industrial applications, but their fabrication remains a big challenge. Herein we demonstrate a scalable approach for the preparation of stable 1D γ-Fe2O3@carbon, which is also applicable for other metal oxide-core and carbon-shell nanostructures, such as 1D TiO2@carbon. One-dimensional ferric oxyhydroxide (α-FeO(OH)) was initially prepared by a hydrothermal method, followed by carbon coating through hydrothermal treatment of the resulting metal oxide in glucose solution. After calcination in N2 gas at 500 °C and subsequent exposure to air, the initial carbon-coated 1D α-Fe2O3 was converted to 1D γ-Fe2O3@carbon, which was very stable without any observed changes even after 1.5 years of storage under ambient conditions. The materials were then used as adsorbents and found to be highly selective towards Au (III) adsorption, of which the maximum adsorption capacity is about 600 mg Au/g sorbent (1132 mg Au/g carbon). The spent sorbent containing Au after adsorption can be readily collected by applying a magnetic field due to the presence of the magnetic core, and the adsorbed Au particles are subsequently recovered after the combustion and dissolution of the sorbent. This work demonstrates not only a facile approach to the fabrication of robust 1D magnetic materials with a stable carbon shell, but also a possible cyanide-free process for the fast and selective recovery of gold from electronic waste and industrial water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number415701
JournalNanotechnology
Volume27
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1D α-FeO@carbon
  • cyanide-free gold recovery
  • highly selective catalysis
  • magnetic separation

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