Numerical simulations of wind-equatorial gas interaction in ? Carinae

Danny Tsebrenko*, Muhammad Akashi, Noam Soker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We perform 3D gas-dynamical simulations and show that the asymmetric morphology of the blue- and red-shifted components of the outflow at hundreds of astronomical units from the massive binary system ? Carinae can be accounted for from the collision of the free primary stellar wind with the slowly expanding dense equatorial gas. Owing to the very complicated structure of the century-old equatorial ejecta that is not fully spatially resolved by observations, we limit ourselves to modelling the equatorial dense gas by one or two dense spherical clouds. Because of that we reproduce the general qualitative properties of the velocity maps, but not the fine details. The fine details of the velocity maps can be matched by simply structuring the dense ejecta in an appropriate way. The blue- and red-shifted components are formed in the post-shock flow of the primary wind, on the two sides of the equatorial plane, respectively. The fast wind from the secondary star plays no role in our model, as for most of the orbital period in our model the primary star is closer to us. The dense clouds are observed to be closer to us than the binary system is, and so in our model the primary star faces the dense equatorial ejecta for the majority of the orbital period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-301
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Eta Car - stars
  • Individual
  • Mass loss - stars
  • Numerical
  • Stars
  • Winds, outflows -methods

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