A novel aluminum plug process is described which offers over a 3× reduction in a via resistance as compared with current tungsten plug technology. The performance advantage of the new process is further enhanced by its compatibility with low thermal budget, low-k dielectric materials, allowing significant reduction in the overall interconnect RC time constant. Key features of the Al plug technology include an over-hang free MOCVD (metal organic CVD) TiN liner, a single step low temperature (260°C) chemical vapor deposition (LTCVD) of aluminum (resistivity < 3 μohm-cm) and copper doping from an overlying PVD Al-Cu film. Double-level metal interconnects with 0.3 μm vias and integrated low-k dielectrics were successfully fabricated using the new CVD TiN/Al technology. The 0.3 μm diameter CVD Al plugs yielded > 3× lower via resistance compared with W plugs (1.5 vs. 5.0 ohms) with no degradation in electromigration reliability.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Technical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting|
|State||Published - 1995|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1995 International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM'95 - Washington, DC, USA|
Duration: 10 Dec 1995 → 13 Dec 1995