Noodle quality as related to sorghum starch properties

T. Beta, H. Corke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Starch was extracted from 10 sorghum genotypes and physicochemical properties (amylose content and pasting, textural, and thermal properties) were evaluated. The amylose content was 24-30%. DC-75 starch had the highest peak viscosity (380 Rapid Visco Analyser units). Gelatinization peak temperature occurred over a narrow range (67-69°C). Genotypes Kasvikisire and SV2 produced white starches. Starches from other genotypes were different shades of pink. The starch noodles prepared were, accordingly, either white or pink. Cooking enhanced the pink coloration of noodles. Cooking loss, noodle rehydration, and elasticity were evaluated. Cooking loss was low (mean 2.4%). Noodle elasticity was highly correlated with starch pasting properties of hot paste viscosity (HPV) (r = 0.81, P < 0,01) and cold paste viscosity (CPV) (r = 0.75, P < 0.01). Noodle rehydration was significantly correlated to the initial swelling temperature of starch (Ti) (r = -0.91, P < 0.001) and gelatinization peak temperature (Tp) (r = 0.69, P < 0.05). The findings suggest a potential area of food application for sorghum genotypes of different grain colors. Evaluation of starch properties could be a good starting point for selecting sorghum genotypes with superior noodle-making properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-420
Number of pages4
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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