Modeling Light Curves of Bipolar Core Collapse Supernovae from the Equatorial Plane

Noam Soker, Noa Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We use the two-components bipolar toy model of core collapse supernova (CCSN) ejecta to fit the rapid decline from maximum luminosity in the light curve of the type IIb CCSN SN 2018gk (ASASSN-18am). In this toy model we use a template light curve from a different CCSN that is similar to SN 2018gk, but that has no rapid drop in its light curve. The bipolar morphology that we model with a polar ejecta and an equatorial ejecta increases the maximum luminosity and causes a steeper decline for an equatorial observer, relative to a similar spherical explosion. The total energy and mass of our toy model for SN 2018gk are. This explosion energy is more than what a neutrino driven explosion mechanism can supply, implying that jets exploded SN 2018gk. These energetic jets likely shaped the ejecta to a bipolar morphology, as our toy model requires. We crudely estimate that f ≈ 2%-5% of all CCSNe show this behavior, most being hydrogen deficient (stripped-envelope) CCSNe, as we observe them from the equatorial plane. We estimate the overall fraction of CCSNe that have a pronounced bipolar morphology to be f bip ≈ 5%-15% of all CCSNe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021


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