Microstructure and properties of forged plasma arc melted pilot ingot of Ti–45Al–8.5Nb–(W, B, Y) alloy

Shubo Gao, Xiangjun Xu, Zhengzhang Shen, Teng Ye, Shuai Xu, Junpin Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The large scale ingot of Ti-45Al-8.5 Nb-(W, B, Y) alloy, which was manufactured by plasma arc cold hearth melting process, was successfully forged by a two-step canned forging process with a total deformation of 85%. The pancake is crack-free with smooth surface and presents recrystallized duplex microstructure. Additionally, the fraction of β/B2 phase in the as-forged microstructure has dropped. The high angle grain boundaries are dominant among recrystallized grains. After the heat treatments at different temperatures, the fine duplex, nearly lamellar and fully lamellar microstructures can be obtained respectively. Compared with the as-cast condition at room temperature, the ultimate tensile strength increases from 633 MPa to 897 MPa and the elongation improves from 0.23% to 2.2%. The strengths of as-forged TiAl alloy are relatively high at high temperatures. Moreover, superplastic behavior appears above 900 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
StatePublished - 20 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Forging
  • High Nb containing TiAl
  • Microstructure
  • Tensile properties

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