The aim of this study was to evaluate the structural changes of Canavalia ensiformis starch, which was gelatinized in limited and excess water model systems and modified by dry heat, extrusion-cooking and pregelatinization, as well as to relate the changes caused by extrusion cooking and pregelatinization with some functional properties of this starch. The microscopical observation performed in the model systems showed granular swelling, solubility and lixiviation of intragranular material, while dry heat did not affect the starch microstructure. The extrusion-cooking partially changed the starch mor phology, with some granules affected, while others remained intact; the pregelatinization totally al tered the granular structure and the starch granules showed a coarse and flaky appearance. These changes could be associated with the functional properties of canavalia starch, although the most evident variations were produced by the pregelatinization process.
|Translated title of the contribution||Microstructural changes of Canavalia ensiformis starch modified by thermal methods|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Food Science and Technology International|
|State||Published - Feb 1999|