Microbial deterioration and sustainable conservation of stone monuments and buildings

Xiaobo Liu, Robert J. Koestler, Thomas Warscheid, Yoko Katayama, Ji Dong Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Geomicrobially induced deterioration of stone monuments and buildings contributes to a considerable loss of world cultural heritage, especially when exposed to a changing climate or environment. The active biodeterioration processes typically involve biochemical activities and cooperation among functional microorganisms in epilithic biofilms, which assimilate mineral nutrients and metabolize anthropogenic pollutants through biogeochemical cycles. Development of any effective mitigation strategies requires the comprehensive understanding of such processes. We focus on how microbes contribute to the biodeterioration processes through their activities and biogeochemical cycles of elements, discuss biochemical mechanisms involved and provide innovative strategies for sustainable conservation of stone monuments and buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-1004
Number of pages14
JournalNature Sustainability
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

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