Methyl lucidenate F isolated from the ethanol-soluble-acidic components of Ganoderma lucidum is a novel tyrosinase inhibitor

Liang Zhang*, Zhongyang Ding, Peng Xu, Yuhong Wang, Zhenghua Gu, Zhu Qian, Guiyang Shi, Kechang Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tyrosinase is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of melanin, and the use of inhibitors against tyrosinase can prevent hyperpigmentation by inhibiting enzymatic oxidation. However, the current use of tyrosine inhibitors is limited by their low activities and high toxicities. The aim of the present research was to develop novel whitening agents, or tyrosinase-targeted medicine, from a submerged culture of the fungus Ganoderma lucidum. Methyl lucidenate F was isolated from the ethanol-soluble-acidic components (ESACs) of G. lucidum, with the structure of ESACs elucidated via UV, LC-MS, and 13C-NMR spectral analysis. The tyrosinase inhibitory activity was measured using catechol as a substrate. Methyl lucidenate F displayed uncompetitive inhibition of the potato tyrosinase activity, for which Lineweaver-Burk plots revealed a maximum reaction rate (V max) of 0.4367/min, Michaelis constant (K m) of 6.765 mM and uncompetitive inhibition constant (K i) of 19.22 μM. Meanwhile, methyl lucidenate F (tetra cyclic triterpenoid) exhibited high tyrosinase inhibitory activity, with an IC 50 of 32.23 μM. These results suggest that methyl lucidenate F may serve as a potential candidate for skin-whitening agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-461
Number of pages5
JournalBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ganoderma lucidum
  • Inhibitor
  • Methyl lucidenate F
  • Submerged culture
  • Tyrosinase

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