We have developed a Hosomi-Sakurai type carbocyclization of homoallylic silyl ethers in reaction with silyl nucleophiles, catalyzed by Lewis acidic silylium salt. It offers cyclopropane and cyclobutane products with high efficiency and selectivity. A range of silyl nucleophiles could be engaged in this transformation to give small-sized carbocycles incorporating allyl, allenyl, carbonyl, indole or thioether groups. Diastereoselectivity in the cyclobutane formation was observed to be dependent on the steric bulkiness of incoming nucleophiles.
- Hosomi-Sakurai reaction
- Silylium ion catalysis