Mapping of the chaperone AcrH binding regions of translocators AopB and AopD and characterization of oligomeric and metastable AcrH-AopB-AopD complexes in the type III secretion system of Aeromonas hydrophila

Wan Tan Yih, Bing Yu Hong, J. Sivaraman, Yin Leung Ka, Yu Keung Mok*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the type III secretion system (T3SS) of Aeromonas hydrophila, AcrH acts as a chaperone for translocators AopB and AopD. AcrH forms a stable 1:1 monomeric complex with AopD, whereas the 1:1 AcrH-AopB complex exists mainly as a metastable oligomeric form and only in minor amounts as a stable monomeric form. Limited protease digestion shows that these complexes contain highly exposed regions, thus allowing mapping of intact functional chaperone binding regions of AopB and AopD. AopD uses the transmembrane domain (DF1, residues 16-147) and the C-terminal amphipathic helical domain (DF2, residues 242-296) whereas AopB uses a discrete region containing the transmembrane domain and the putative N-terminal coiled coil domain (BF1, residues 33-264). Oligomerization of the AcrH-AopB complex is mainly through the C-terminal coiled coil domain of AopB, which is dispensable for chaperone binding. The three proteins, AcrH, AopB, and AopD, can be coexpressed to form an oligomeric and metastable complex. These three proteins are also oligomerized mainly through the C-terminal domain of AopB. Formation of such an oligomeric and metastable complex may be important for the proper formation of translocon of correct topology and stoichiometry on the host membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1724-1734
Number of pages11
JournalProtein Science
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chaperone AcrH
  • Coexpression
  • Oligomerization
  • Translocators AopB and AopD
  • Type III secretion system

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