Kinematics of Filaments in Cooling Flow Clusters and Heating by Mixing

Shlomi Hillel, Noam Soker

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We compare a recent study of the kinematics of optical filaments in three cooling flow clusters of galaxies with previous numerical simulations of jet-inflated hot bubbles, and conclude that the velocity structure functions (VSFs) of the filaments better fit direct excitation by the jets than by turbulent cascade from the largest turbulent eddies. The observed VSFs of the optical filaments in the three clusters are steeper than that expected from a classical cascade in turbulent dissipation. Our three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations show that as the jets inflate bubbles in the intracluster medium (ICM), they form vortexes in a large range of scales. These vortexes might drive the ICM turbulence with eddies of over more than an order of magnitude in size. A direct excitation of turbulence by the vortexes that the jets form and the slow turbulent dissipation imply that heating the ICM by mixing with hot bubbles is more efficient than heating by turbulent dissipation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2020


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