Key factors in chemical reduction by hydrazine for recovery of precious metals

J. Paul Chen, L. L. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


Most of the commonly used metal waste treatment approaches only allow removal of metals which are ultimately discarded as sludge and do not permit the reuse of the metals, resulting in a waste of raw materials. In this study, the recovery of precious metals of sliver and copper in a synthesized wastewater in batch reactors was investigated using a reduction method by hydrazine as the reducing agent. Recovery of metal ions was greatest at pH > 11. The presence of humic acid did not have negative effects on the recovery process. Varying dissolved oxygen levels in the hydrazine solution did not significantly affect the recovery of both metals while seeding and ageing processes resulted in an increase in the particle size of the solid obtained. Under competitive conditions between Cu2+ and Ag+ ions, the recovery of silver remained the same, while that of copper was enhanced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical reduction
  • Humic acid
  • Hydrazine
  • Metal
  • PH
  • Recovery

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