Iron (Fe+3) oxide/hydroxide nanoparticles-based agglomerates suspension as adsorbent for chromium (Cr+6) removal from water and recovery

G. Zelmanov, R. Semiat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present research describes an adsorption method for cleaning a solution containing chromium (Cr+6) contaminants followed by recovery of the adsorbent and the adsorbed material for safe removal or further reuse. The approach for this purification process was made by using agglomerated nanoparticles-based on iron (Fe+3) oxide/hydroxide suspension as an adsorbent. The technology provides an efficient and cost effective method for chromium (Cr+6) removal from water. A strong effect was shown of iron (Fe+3) oxide/hydroxide nanoparticles-based concentration and pH level of polluted water on the removal efficiency. This technique achieved residual chromium (Cr+6) concentration less than 0.05 ppm which is acceptable by water quality regulations and at least 95-97% regeneration efficiency of the chromium with the proposed adsorbent. The chromium (Cr+ 6) adsorption capacity on the iron (3) oxides particles at equilibrium concentration of 0.05 ppm as Cr in the solution, is about an order of magnitude higher than these values reported in the literature. This technique allows recovery of the adsorbent while production of concentrated chromium (Cr+6) solution that may be treated further to obtain chromium contained crystals while recovering the cleaning solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-337
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Agglomerates
  • Chromium
  • Recovery
  • Water purification

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