Investigating gas-phase defect formation in late-stage solidification using a novel phase-field crystal alloy model

Nan Wang, Nathan Smith, Nikolas Provatas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study late-stage solidification and the associated formation of defects in alloy materials using a novel model based on the phase-field-crystal technique. It is shown that our model successfully captures several important physical phenomena that occur in the late stages of solidification, including solidification shrinkage, liquid cavitation and microsegregation, all in a single framework. By examining the interplay of solidification shrinkage and solute segregation, this model reveals that the formation of gas pore defects at the late stage of solidification can lead to nucleation of second phase solid particles due to solute enrichment in the eutectic liquid driven by gas-phase nucleation and growth. We also predict a modification of the Gulliver-Scheil equation in the presence of gas pockets in confined liquid pools.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043405
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

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