Abstract. Interaction of Aeromonas hydrophila and tilapia, Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner), phagocytes was studied in vitro. All virulent and avirulent strains of A. hydrophila tested could multiply in non‐activated and Freund's complete adjuvant activated phagocytes. Activated phagocytes increased the uptake of bacteria into cells, and the rates of intracellular replication for these bacteria were faster than in non‐activated phagocytes. Among the A. hydrophila strains examined, virulent strain PPD134/91 replicated at the fastest rate inside phagocytic cells and produced cytopathic effect in the phagocytes in the shortest incubation time. Opsonized avirulent A. hydrophila were sensitive to phagocyte‐mediated killing or unable to grow in phagocytes. Serum components and phagocytes may together prevent the growth of avirulent A. hydrophila in fish. The release of extracellular oxygen radicals during phagocytosis was examined using chemiluminescence assay (CL). Virulent strains induced CL responses but avirulent strains did not. This suggests that the virulent strains interacted with the phagocytes somewhat differently from the avirulent strains.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Fish Diseases|
|State||Published - Sep 1995|