Influence of nanoparticles on spray performance of alternative jet fuels

Kumaran Kannaiyan, Reza Sadr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Recently, several studies have demonstrated that the addition of nanoscale high-energetic metal particles to liquid fuels as fuel additives has a positive effect not only on the combustion performance but also in reducing the pollutant formation. However, most of those studies were performed for conventional fuels with high volume concentrations of nanoparticles, which will have a considerable effect on the hydrodynamic and thermophysical properties of the fuel. Such a change in fuel properties can in turn affect the atomization, mixing and evaporation characteristics of the liquid fuels. This study investigates the spray performance of an alternative gas-To-liquid (GTL) jet fuel with the addition of alumina nanoparticles at atmospheric condition and compared with that of the pure fuel. Macroscopic and microscopic measurement of the spray characteristics are performed using optical diagnostic techniques. Results show that the addition of nanoparticles tends to reduce the liquid sheet breakup length when compared to that of the pure fuel case. Furthermore, the droplet size and droplet velocities are observed to be slightly different between the pure fuel and nanofuel cases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCoal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791849743
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 13 Jun 201617 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume3

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period13/06/1617/06/16

Keywords

  • Alumina nanoparticles
  • Nanofuels
  • Phase Doppler Anemometry
  • Spray Characteristics

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