Highly selective gas-phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde over silver-containing hexagonal mesoporous silica

Lihua Jia*, Sen Zhang, Fangna Gu, Yuan Ping, Xiangfeng Guo, Ziyi Zhong, Fabing Su

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Silver-containing hexagonal mesoporous silica (Ag-HMS) catalysts with different Si/Ag ratios were synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal method for gas-phase selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. The samples were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron micrograph, transmission electron micrograph, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra. It was found that the Ag-HMS catalysts with different Ag loadings (0.55-3.50 wt.%) and different Ag particle sizes (5-32 nm) showed a similar level of catalytic property because they possess a similar Ag surface area. The Ag-HMS catalyst with a Ag loading of 2.81 wt.% exhibited excellent catalytic properties at 583 K with a high benzyl alcohol conversion of near 100%, benzaldehyde selectivity of around 96.0%, and benzaldehyde yield of about 96.0%, superior to those of other M-HMS catalysts (M = Co, Ce, La, Cu, Sr, Cd, Ni, Mn, V, and Fe). The enhanced catalytic performance could be attributed to the presence of the Ag surface oxygen species generated via oxygen spillover process. The work would be helpful for the development of novel Ag catalysts for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to obtain high quality of benzaldehyde and understanding the catalytic mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume149
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benzaldehyde
  • Benzyl alcohol oxidation
  • Hexagonal mesoporous silica
  • Selective oxidation
  • Silver

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