Gram-size Pt/C catalyst synthesized using Pt compound directly recovered from an end-of-life PEM fuel cell stack

Muralidhar Chourashiya*, Raghunandan Sharma, Saso Gyergyek, Shuang Ma Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology is getting closer to its maturity. However, the use of PEMFCs in fuel cell vehicles needs to tackle the challenges arising from insufficient durability and the high cost of catalysts, leading to the accumulation of high-price waste from the end-of-life fuel cell stacks. The use of this waste as a secondary source of platinum can be more economic and environmentally friendly compared to its primary production. In this investigation, platinum from the end-of-life fuel cell stack is recycled as a fresh Pt/C catalyst. The recycling processes involved the dissolution of Pt from the end-of-life fuel cell electrodes by refluxing in dilute acid (1 M HCl), followed by drying the Pt solution in a rotary evaporator and using the dried-Pt precursor for polyol synthesis of Pt/C. With the aim of their industrial adaptation, a gram-scale synthesis of Pt/C using the polyol method is carried out and its electrocatalytic performance is compared with commercial benchmark catalysts. Electrochemical performances of the Pt/C electrocatalysts synthesized using the recycled Pt and the equivalent commercial Pt precursor are found to be comparable.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • End-of-life fuel cells
  • Pt recovery
  • Recycling
  • Pt/C electrocatalyst
  • Polyol synthesis

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