Forming H-shaped and barrel-shaped nebulae with interacting jets

Muhammad Akashi*, Ealeal Bear, Noam Soker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We conduct three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of two opposite jets with large opening angles launched from a binary stellar system into a previously ejected shell and show that the interaction can form barrel-like and H-like shapes in the descendant nebula. Such features are observed in planetary nebulae (PNe) and supernova remnants. Under our assumption, the dense shell is formed by a short instability phase of the giant star as it interacts with a stellar companion, and the jets are then launched by the companion as it accretes mass through an accretion disc from the giant star. We find that the H-shaped and barrel-shaped morphological features that the jets form evolve with time, and that there are complicated flow patterns, such as vortices, instabilities, and caps moving ahead along the symmetry axis. We compare our numerical results with images of 12 PNe, and show that jet-shell interaction that we simulate can account for the barrel-like or H-like morphologies that are observed in these PNe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4794-4808
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 21 Apr 2018


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