Food production and processing is one of the most essential industries in the world. It provides some 20% of employees ranging from farmers, herders, processors, transportation workers, wholesalers, and retailers. Agriculture production essentially starts with the photosynthesis reactions, which convert carbon dioxide and water into organic matters. The final products include grasses, hay, fruits, vegetables, and grains (e.g., wheat, barley, and corn). The products are then collected, processed, packaged, and distributed for consumption by human beings or as feed for animals that can produce food products such as milk, eggs, and meat. The food industry has a wide scope. According to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), it consists of nine industrial groups listed in Table 30.1.1 In this chapter, we limit the food industry to food processing operations.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2009|