Fast deposition of porous iron oxide on activated carbon by microwave heating and arsenic (V) removal from water

Alp Yürüm*, Züleyha Özlem Kocabaş-Atakli, Meltem Sezen, Raphael Semiat, Yuda Yürüm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Iron oxide nanoparticles were deposited on activated carbon (AC) with the microwave hydrothermal (MH) treatment technique. The effect of heating duration and AC's oxidation on structural properties were studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), focused ion beam (FIB) microscopy, Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET), and porous texture analyses were utilized to characterize iron oxide/AC system. XRD characterization revealed dependence of crystal structure to heating duration. BET and porous texture analyses showed some pore filling in AC, but pore volume increase in iron oxide particles. With the MH technique, porous iron oxide was obtained with a high loading value of 20.27% in just 9. min. Additionally, As(V) adsorption capacity of synthesized materials was studied. As(V) adsorption onto iron oxide deposited supports obeyed Langmuir and pseudo-second order models. Batch adsorption experiments revealed a high efficiency of As(V) removal with the MH synthesized materials. Maximum adsorption capacity was 27.78. mg/g, and for a loading of 0.75. g/L, 99.90% uptake was reached within just 5. min due to the porous nature of iron oxide. Moreover, more than 99.00% of uptake was obtained within the pH range of 6-8. The results suggest that MH synthesized iron oxide particles are promising materials for water treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-332
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Arsenic
  • Iron oxide
  • Microwave hydrothermal synthesis

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