Fabrication and performance of a Mn-La metal composite for remarkable decontamination of fluoride

Yang Yu, J. Paul Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluoride contamination has become a great issue of concern in recent years as it could cause a high risk to human health through water consumption. In this study, a new manganese-lanthanum bimetal composite was developed by a co-precipitation method. The adsorption was highly pH dependent, and the optimal adsorption was obtained at pH 5.0. The Langmuir equation better fitted the experimental data of the adsorption isotherm. The maximum adsorption capacity of 292.9 mg g-1 was achieved at the optimal pH, much higher than most currently reported sorbents. The adsorption occurred rapidly in the first 1 h; the adsorption equilibrium was reached within 8 h. The presence of chloride, sulfate, carbonate and humic acid had an insignificant influence on the fluoride uptake; however, phosphate greatly hindered the removal. The adsorption reactions due to the presence of weak acid functional groups and the ion exchange reaction between sulfate and fluoride could be responsible for the removal of fluoride. The adsorption history was described by the intraparticle diffusion model. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8086-8093
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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