Explaining the Early Excess Emission of the Type Ia Supernova 2018oh by the Interaction of the Ejecta with Disk-originated Matter

Naveh Levanon, Noam Soker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explain the early excess emission of the Type Ia supernova 2018oh by an interaction of the supernova ejecta with disk-originated matter (DOM). Such DOM can form in the merger process of two white dwarfs in the double-degenerate scenario of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). We find that an ejecta-DOM interaction can fit the early light curve of SN 2018oh better than an ejecta-companion interaction in the single-degenerate scenario. By composing the DOM from two components that were ejected in the merger process with two different velocities, we show that the ejecta-DOM interaction can account for the linear rise in the light curve, while the ejecta-companion interaction predicts too steep of a rise. In addition, the ejecta-DOM interaction does not predict the presence of hydrogen and helium lines in nebular spectra, and hence does not suffer from this major drawback of the ejecta-companion model. We consider the ejecta-DOM interaction to be the most likely explanation for the early excess emission in SN 2018oh. By that we show that the double-degenerate scenario can account for early excess emission in SNe Ia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL7
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume872
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • supernovae: general
  • white dwarfs

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