Evolution of the jet-feedback mechanism (JFM)

Noam Soker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


I list eight types of astrophysical objects where jets, and more particularly the jet feedback mechanism (JFM), might operate, and discuss cases where an object evolves from one type to another while the JFM continues to operate. In four of these classes of objects jets are known to play significant, or even crucial, roles: in cooling flows, during galaxy formation, in young stellar objects (YSO), and in planetary nebulae. In core collapse supernovae (CCSNe), in the common envelope evolution (CEE), in the grazing envelope evolution (GEE), and in intermediate-luminosity optical transients (ILOTs) the suggestion that a JFM takes place is still controversial. I call for a refresh thinking and more detail studies of the possibility that jets play a large role in exploding massive stars and in the CEE. I also present a new speculative scenario where the first active galactic nuclei (AGN) were preceded by a JFM that operated during the life time of the supermassive young object (SMYO) progenitor of the AGN. A short and energetic phase of CCSN took place between the SMYO and the AGN phases. I term this scenario of young object to supernova to AGN (YOSA) that includes a JFM along all stages, the YOSA-JFM scenario. I speculate that in the YOSA-JFM scenario, the JFM that might have operated during the phase of the SMYO started to establish the correlations between the mass of the super-massive black hole (SMBH) and some properties of the stellar component of galaxies before the formation of the SMBH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd Frontier Research in Astrophysics, FRAPWS 2016 - Mondello, Italy
Duration: 23 May 201628 May 2016

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