Enhancing carbon neutrality: A perspective on the role of Microbially Induced Carbonate Precipitation (MICP)

Chaolin Fang, Varenyam Achal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Microbially Induced Carbonate Precipitation (MICP) presents a promising avenue for sustainable carbon management, offering a rapid alternative to natural carbonate formation. This paper explores the potential of MICP, particularly through ureolysis, in carbon storage and greenhouse gas mitigation. Urease-producing bacteria play a key role by converting CO2 into calcium carbonate (CaCO3). These microbes thrive in various environments, from soils to construction sites, making MICP a versatile tool for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). This process not only results in the formation of solid carbonates but also effectively sequesters CO2, positioning MICP as a transformative approach for climate change mitigation. The article highlights MICP's capacity to harness microbial activities for environmental benefits, emphasizing its importance in reducing atmospheric CO2 levels and contributing to a more sustainable future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100083
JournalBiogeotechnics
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Biomineralization
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
  • MICP
  • Urease

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