A visible/near-infrared spectrophotometric method was developed for betacyanin and moisture content in Amaranthus samples. A standard error of prediction (SEP) of 0.25 mg/g for betacyanins (r2=0.97) and 2.18% for moisture (r2=0.99) was obtained on the validation sample set. Effect of 5 postharvest treatments on betacyanin degradation was assessed. Freeze-drying and -18°C frozen storage gave over 97% pigment retention, compared to natural air (52.8%), solar drying (63.5%), air oven drying (61.9 to 83.1%), and 14°C storage (78.3%). Air-drying gave the lowest degradation rate and longest half-life among the solar and oven-drying treatments for 8 h. Dried samples showed good pigment stability with 28.6 mo half-life at 25°C.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Food Science|
|State||Published - 2001|
- Pigment degradation
- Postharvest treatments
- Visible/near infrared spectroscopy