Effect of CNT content on physicochemical properties and performance of CNT composite polysulfone membranes

Liheng Xu, Jinsong He, Yang Yu, J. Paul Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was to research the influences of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the physicochemical properties and filtration performance of CNT/polymer composite membranes. Two types of CNT embedded polysulfone (PSF) membranes were fabricated by using raw CNTs (rCNTs) and oxidized CNTs (fCNTs), respectively. The leakage of CNTs during the membrane fabrication was observed; the loss of fCNTs in the fCNT membrane (M-fCNT) was more severe than that of rCNTs in the rCNT membrane (M-rCNT). The porosity, surface hydrophilicity, thermal stability and strain stress of the membranes were dependent upon the CNT content. The CNTs composite membranes exhibited typical asymmetric membrane structure including a thin dense top surface and a porous bulk layer with abundant finger-like pores, and the mean pore size of top surfaces increased with the incorporation of CNTs. The overall porosities of M-rCNT and M-fCNT membranes were 54 and 68%, respectively. M-fCNT membranes exhibited slightly lower thermal stability and mechanical strength than PSF membrane (M-PSF) and M-rCNT. The pure water flux of the composite membrane was dramatically enhanced by the loading of CNTs, as indicated by 2 times higher for M-rCNT2.0 and M-fCNT2.0 than M-PSF. The membranes were further studied by the filtration of 2-naphthol containing solution; M-fCNT2.0 had significantly higher rejection ability than that of the pristine PSF membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)
  • Composite membrane
  • Polysulfone (PSF)
  • Rejection
  • Ultrafiltration

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