A change of oil/water interfacial tension in the presence of cationic or anionic surfactants in an organic phase was observed due to the addition of charged fine solids in the aqueous phase. The charged fine solids in the aqueous phase adsorb surfactants diffused from the oil phase, thereby causing an increase in the bulk equilibrium surfactant concentration in the aqueous phase, governed by the Stern-Grahame equation. Consequently, surfactant adsorption at the oil-water interface increases, which was demonstrated from the measured reduction of the oil-water interfacial tension. The increased surfactant partition in the aqueous phase in the presence of the charged particles was confirmed by the measured decrease in the surface tension for the collected aqueous solution after solids removal, as compared with the cases without solids addition.
- Interfacial tension
- Palmitic acid