Early UV emission from disc-originated matter (DOM) in type ia supernovae in the double-degenerate scenario

Naveh Levanon*, Noam Soker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that the blue and UV excess emission in the first few days of some Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) can be accounted in the double-degenerate (DD) scenario by the collision of the SN ejecta with circumstellar matter that was blown by the accretion disc formed during the merger process of the two white dwarfs (WDs). We assume that in cases of excess early light, the disc blows the circumstellar matter, that we term disc-originated matter (DOM), hours to days before explosion. To perform our analysis, we first provide a model-based definition for early excess light, replacing the definition of excess light relative to a power-law fit to the rising luminosity. We then examine the light curves of the SNe Ia iPTF14atg and SN 2012cg, and find that the collision of the ejecta with a DOM in the frame of the DD scenario can account for their early excess emission. Thus, early excess light does not necessarily imply the presence of a stellar companion in the frame of the single-degenerate scenario. Our findings further increase the variety of phenomena that the DD scenario can account for, and emphasize the need to consider all different SN Ia scenarios when interpreting observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2510-2516
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume470
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hydrodynamics
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2012cg, iPTF14atg

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