Downsizing the Electric Machines of Energy-Efficient Electro-Hydraulic Drives for Mobile Hydraulics

Damiano Padovani*, Paola Fresia, Massimo Rundo, Gabriele Altare

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The poor energy efficiency of state-of-the-art mobile hydraulics affects the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere and the operating costs. These crucial factors require urgent improvements that can be addressed by the electrification of fluid power. This approach has already generated electro-hydraulic drives that remove flow throttling and enable energy recovery. However, the entire power managed by the actuators of conventional systems must pass through the electric machines. This characteristic is unfeasible for medium-to-high power applications since they need electric motors and electronics with high power ratings and large onboard generation of electricity. Thus, this paper applies to a hydraulic excavator's boom the idea of splitting the power being transferred to/from the actuator between the hydraulic and electric domains (i.e., a centralized hydraulic power supply is involved). The objective is downsizing the power rating of the boom's electric components while maintaining the high-power output of the hydraulic actuator. The results show the expected behavior of the hybrid excavator in terms of motion control, but only 57% of the boom's peak power is now exchanged electrically. The resulting electric machine with 61% downsizing favors the system's cost and compactness supporting the electrification process that is aligned with the low-carbon economy.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings of IOP Science – Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2385 012028
StatePublished - 2022


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