Deposition in the tungsten divertor during the 2011-2016 campaigns in JET with ITER-like wall

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Abstract

A build-up of co-deposits in remote areas of the divertor can contribute significantly to the overall fuel retention. The control of plasma-material interactions via the study and understanding of erosion-deposition of PFCs provides vital information for the efficient future operation of ITER. The major aim of this work is to reveal details of beryllium deposition and fuel (deuterium) retention on divertor plasma-facing componentsremoved from the JET ITER-Like Wall divertor after cumulative exposure during the first two (ILW-1 + 2) and all three (ILW-1 + 2 + 3) campaigns. Ion beam analysis techniques such as Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, nuclear reaction analysis and proton induced X-ray emission have been extensively used for post-mortem analyses of selected tiles from JET following each campaign and can provide relevant information on plasma-surface interactions like tungsten erosion, beryllium deposition and plasma fuel retention with divertor tiles via implantation or co-deposition. The studied divertor tiles represent a unique set of samples, which have been exposed to plasmas since the beginning of the JET-ILW operation for three successive plasma campaigns. This is a comprehensive comparison of divertor components after these operation periods. The results presented summarise deposition and fuel retention on Tiles 4 (inner base) and 6 (outer base). Although the deposition pattern is similar to that determined after individual campaigns, D retention is not a cumulative process and is determined mainly by the last campaign, and the total Be deposit after the 3 campaigns (i.e. data 1 + 2 + 3 = tile exposed 2011-2016) is less than the sum of the deposits after each individual campaign (sum 1 + 2 + 3) for Tile 4 but greater for Tile 6.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014044
JournalPhysica Scripta
Volume2020
Issue numberT171
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event17th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications, PFMC 2019 - Eindhoven, Netherlands
Duration: 20 May 201924 May 2019

Keywords

  • Beryllium
  • Deposition
  • Ion beam analysis
  • Jet
  • Plasma-material interaction
  • Tokamaks
  • Tungsten

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