Degradation of organic compounds during the corrosion of ZVI by hydrogen peroxide at neutral pH: Kinetics, mechanisms and effect of corrosion promoting and inhibiting ions

Ran Ling, J. Paul Chen, Jiahui Shao, Martin Reinhard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The corrosion of zero valent iron (ZVI) by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generates hydroxyl (⋅OH) and other radical oxygen species (ROS) that degrade organic materials. To better understand the factors that govern the ROS formation during the H2O2-induced corrosion, we investigated the degradation of an organic probe compound (acesulfame (ACE)) in slurries of ZVI powder in unbuffered laboratory water at pH 6.5 ± 0.5. Chloride ions accelerated the corrosion of ZVI by H2O2 and the formation ROS and, therefore, the degradation of organic materials. Conversely, slowing corrosion by phosphate buffer inhibited ROS formation and the degradation of organic compounds. The rate of H2O2 decomposition was correlated with the liberation of Fe2+(aq) and the ACE degradation rate. The kinetics of H2O2 decomposition was pseudo-first-order and zero-order at low (<0.04 mM/mg) and high [H2O2]/[ZVI] initial ratios, respectively, and was consistent with Langmuir kinetics. The H2O2 decomposition rate was proportional to the ZVI reactive surface area (SA) and nearly independent of the extent of ZVI oxidation, the presence of a Fe2+(aq) chelating agent, and ⋅OH quenchers (methanol and tert-butanol). Kinetic data suggest a mechanism involving rapid cathodic reduction of H2O2 at the metallic ZVI surface which causes the liberation of Fe2+(aq) that generate ⋅OH via the homogeneous Fenton reaction. The stoichiometric efficiency (SE) of organics degradation ranged from 0.0008% to 0.014% and increased with decreasing H2O2 decomposition rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Volume134
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Corrosion
  • Fenton reaction
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Zero valent iron

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