Comparative study between continuum and atomistic approaches of liquid flow through a finite length cylindrical nanopore

Cunkui Huang, Phillip Y.K. Choi*, K. Nandakumar, Larry W. Kostiuk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Steady state pressure driven flow of liquid argon through a finite length cylindrical nanopore was investigated numerically by classical Navier-Stokes (NS) hydrodynamic models and nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In both approaches, the nanopore was nominally 2.2 nm in diameter and 6 nm long. For the MD simulations, the intermolecular properties of the walls were specified independently from the liquid. Comparisons between the approaches were made in terms of the gross feature of total flow rate through the nanopore, as well as the more refined considerations of the spatial distributions of pressure, density, and velocity. The results showed that for the NS equations to predict the same trends in total flow rate with increasing pressure difference as the MD simulation, submodels for variations in density and viscosity with pressure are needed to be included. The classical NS boundary conditions quantitatively agreed with the flow rate predictions from MD simulations only under the condition of having a neutral-like solid-liquid interaction. Under these conditions, the NS and MD models also agreed well in streamwise distributions of pressure, density, and velocity, but not in the radial direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224702
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume126
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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