Community structure and abundance of ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria after conversion from soybean to rice paddy in albic soils of Northeast China

Jing Wang, Weidong Wang, Ji Dong Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Community composition of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in the albic soil grown with soybean and rice for different years was investigated by construction of clone libraries, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) by PCR amplification of the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A (amoA) gene. Soil samples were collected at two layers (0-5 and 20-25 cm) from a soybean field and four rice paddy fields with 1, 5, 9, and 17 years of continuous rice cultivation. Both the community structures and abundances of AOA and AOB showed detectable changes after conversion from soybean to rice paddy judged by clone library, DGGE, and q-PCR analyses. In general, the archaeal amoA gene abundance increased after conversion to rice cultivation, while bacterial amoA gene abundance decreased. The abundances of both AOA and AOB were higher in the surface layer than the bottom one in the soybean field, but a reverse trend was observed for AOB in all paddy samples regardless of the duration of paddy cultivation. Phylogenetic analysis identified nine subclusters of AOA and seven subclusters of AOB. Community composition of both AOA and AOB was correlated with available ammonium and increased pH value caused by flooding in multiple variance analysis. Community shift of AOB was also observed in different paddy fields, but the two layers did not show any detectable changes in DGGE analysis. Conversion from soybean to rice cultivation changed the community structure and abundance of AOA and AOB in albic agricultural soil, which requires that necessary cultivation practice be followed to manage the N utilization more effectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2765-2778
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume98
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Albic soil
  • Ammonia monooxygenase subunit A (amoA)
  • Ammonia-oxidizing archaea
  • Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria
  • Baijiang soil
  • Paddy
  • Sangjiang Plain

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